This treaty laying out the terms of Cherokee removal to Oklahoma was not supported by at least 15,000 Cherokee and especially by Chief John Ross.
And whereas a Delegation of the Cherokee Nation composed of Messrs. John Ross Richard Taylor Danl McCoy Saml Gunter & William Rogers with full power and authority to conclude a Treaty with the United States did on the 28th day of February 1835 stipulate & agree with the Government of the United States to submit to the senate to fix the amount which should be allowed the Cherokees for their claims and for a cession of their lands East of the Mississippi River and did agree to abide by the award of the senate of the United States themselves and to recommend the same to their people for their people for their final determination. And whereas on such submission the Senate advised “that a sum not exceeding five millions of dollars be paid to the Cherokee Indians for all their lands & possessions East of the Mississippi River” and where as this delegation after said award of the Senate had been made, were called upon to submit propositions as to its disposition to be arranged in a Treaty which they refused to do, but insisted that the same “should be referred to their nation and there in general council to deliberate and determine on the subject in order to insure harmony and good feeling among themselves.”
Citation: Cherokee Treaty at New Echota, Georgia (Ratified Indian Treaty); 12/29/1835; Indian Treaties, 1722 – 1869; General Records of the United States Government, Record Group 11; National Archives Building, Washington, DC. https://www.docsteach.org/documents/document/treaty-new-echota. Accessed 28 August 2023.
- What did the Cherokee delegation have the authority to do? Why is this significant?
- What did the Cherokee delegation agree to give up? What did they get in return?
- Why would this treaty be important in considering what you learned about the Indian Removal Act?
Stipulate: require as part of an agreement
Cession: something surrendered to another
Abide by: submit or agree to
Delegation: group of representatives
Disposition: transfer of funds, in this case in exchange for Cherokee land
Deliberate: carefully consider or discuss something